I have a 11 month old chihuahua pup. I am having the worst time trying to train him how to use the bathroom outside. At first we used puppy pads, and he caught onto that for a while, but we just recently moved and he refuses to use the pads now. We have tried to take him out every hour, but he just goes when he pleases. He has never been in a crate. we’re not home during the day, and he has free roam over the house. Is there an alternative to crate training ?? I dont even have a crate for him. I need to know the most effective and best way to train him fast. No I will not hit my dog, so dont suggest it. My biggest concern is the time during the day when no one is at home to watch him or take him out to the bathroom. Ive never had to house break a dog before. Thanks for any help you’re able to give.